- July 25, 2018
- Posted by: Dr. Nnamdi Elenwoke
- Category: Diseases and Conditions
What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes is the 8th most common cause of death worldwide. Between Diarrhoea (7th) and Road accidents (9th). Around 50% of these deaths occur before the age of 70 years. The global prevalence among adults over 18 years of age is 8.5% in 2014, up from 4.7% in 1980. Diabetes is a very important cause of blindness, kidney and heart disease. Also stroke and lower limb amputation.
What are the types
- Diabetes mellitus type 1, with reduced insulin production of the pancreas. Diagnosed in childhood or adolescence.
- Diabetes mellitus type 2, in which insulin resistance is the main cause. Diagnosed after 45 years of age in most cases.
Actually, some health practitioners recognize this disease as the most dangerous disease that could reduce a person’s quality of life.
Do I have Diabetes?
- In diabetes, many people feel fatigue or a constant feeling of tiredness. This is due to the inability of the body to use glucose as fuel.
Unexplained weight loss is also clear. Due to the elimination of more water and glucose with the urine.
Excessive thirst which is also known as polydipsia will also result. This is due to polyuria or excessive urine excretion in diabetes mellitus.
Excessive eating or polyphagia can also be present. Even though there will be a significant weight reduction.
Diabetes reduces the immunity of a person. Which is important in body’s defense and cleaning up the dead tissue. Due to this, diabetic patients will get exposed to recurrent infections. And will also suffer from poor wound healing.
Irritability, agitation, lethargy, and inattention can reflect in very serious conditions. Such as ketoacidosis, hyperglycemia (high levels of blood glucose) and hypoglycemia ( low levels of blood glucose).
- Blurred vision, reduced hearing and also many other unexplained symptoms can be a result of diabetes.