- April 14, 2018
- Posted by: Dr. Nnamdi Elenwoke
- Category: Diseases and Conditions
Unprotected sex, especially among adolescents, can have lasting and lifelong consequences. We are not just talking about the health consequences of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or unwanted pregnancies that are numerous. There are socio-economic implications, as well as discouraging stigma associated with the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancies.
Sexually transmitted diseases can threaten your unborn child, your fertility, and even your life. You can reduce the risk of getting STD by protection, such as condoms or dental dams, whenever you have sex. The preservative is a latex or plastic cover that is worn on the penis during sexual intercourse or anal sex or when oral sex is performed on a human. The Dental Dam is a square of thin latex that can be used to provide a barrier during oral sex on a woman.
The risk of unprotected sex Most teenagers do not hesitate to get involved in unprotected sex, so it could be very dangerous for their health and cause major changes in their lives and that of their families. Not thinking before giving pressure to engage in unprotected sex, they do not understand potential problems that can cause unprotected sex. Some teenagers do not want to have sex, but will allow them to stay in a good position with their partner. “Sometimes teens think that unprotected sex improves their experience of being with their boys or their friends, mistakenly believing that this is the best way to show your true love.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HIV can be transmitted through the semen, vaginal secretions, rectal secretions, or blood during sex. The infection leads to a syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency or AIDS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say many people living with HIV have no symptoms and may not know they are infected. There is no cure for HIV or AIDS, but drugs can help in managing the disease and prolong life. Even if they take medication, people infected with HIV can pass infection to another.
Human papilloma Virus
The CDC says that almost every sexually active person ends contracting one or more types of human papillomavirus or HPV. Some species cause genital warts, while others can cause cervical cancer,vagina, vulva, penis, anus, endocrine and back throat. A vaccine against HPV is available and is recommended for young people before they become sexually active, and for people in the twenties who have never been vaccinated. Most HPVs are resolved without developing warts or cancer, but you cannot know if you will be one of the lucky ones.
Syphilis and gonorrhea
Syphilis and gonorrhea are bacterial infections. Merck’s Health Professionals Guide indicates that the first sign of syphilis is one or more small, painless ulcers, or cancer, at the inoculation site three to four weeks after exposure. Wounds can go unnoticed and, without treatment, the infection can spread through your body and stay for years. Gonorrhea can cause vaginal or penile discharge, urinary pain, testicular pain in men, but up to 20% of women do not have symptoms. Untreated, more serious infection and infertility can occur. Gonorrhea and syphilis are curable with antibiotics.
Chlamydial bacterial infection is most commonly reported STD in the United States, according to Family Practice. Symptoms may include painful urination, bleeding after sexual intercourse and discharge. However, most people have no symptoms. Chlamydia is curable with antibiotics. If not treated, chlamydia can cause infertility.
Oral and genital herpes are viral diseases. There are no vaccines and are incurable, although medications can reduce the number and severity of the outbreak. The American College of obstetricians and gynecologists says outbreaks manifest themselves as one or more painful sores at the site of the initial infection. During oral sex, oral herpes can spread in the genital area and vice versa. Herpes can spread even if there are no visible wounds and can be transmitted to newborns at the time of delivery.
Trichomoniasis is caused by a single parasite. Symptoms include yellowish-green or scarlet-green discharge in women with fish scent, itching, swelling and painful urination. However, the Family Practice book states that most men and up to 44 percent of women have no symptoms. Trichomoniasis is curable with antibiotics, but you and your sexual partner must be cured or you may get infected again, as is the case with most sexually transmitted diseases.
With the list of STDs stated above, unprotected sex should be banned.